Brown recluse spiders are perhaps one of the most dreaded household pests that are found in some parts of the United States, most commonly through the central south and Midwestern states. Brown recluse spiders are nocturnal creatures who feed on other insects such as caterpillars, cockroaches or even other spiders. These pests who prefer hiding during the day and leave their shelter during night in search of food spin irregular webs to be used as retreat and not for catching their prey.
What Do Brown Recluse Spiders Look Like
These pests which are usually light to dark brown in color have a distinctive dark brown violin shaped marking on their back.
While their round body is about ¼ to an inch long and has a velvety appearance, the legs are long, thin and have no spines.
However, the distinctive feature that separates these spiders from the rest of the species is their eye pattern. Their six eyes are arranged in a semi circle and are set in pairs (one pair in the front and one on each side).
Where Are Brown Recluse Spiders Found?
As the name suggests, this brown spider is a recluse and generally prefer seclusion in hidden areas and avoid open spaces. Indoors, these brown pests are most commonly found in dark and undisturbed areas such as among papers, under furniture, seldom used clothing or shoes, crevices, inside boxes, attics, basements or closets. In outdoor areas, these household pests usually choose to live in dark, hidden spots such as beneath logs, lumber piles or stones.
Understanding The Threat
The fact that that brown recluse is not aggressive, these spiders tend to bite humans in defense and not instinctively. The bite of the brown recluse spider is usually causes by accidental contact, such as reaching out into the areas where the spider is harbored or wearing clothes or shoes into which the pests is hidden. Both male and female brown recluse spiders can bite and inject venom causing severe pain, disfiguring skin ulcers and sometimes create life threatening complications. A brown recluse spider bite initially causes a stinging sensation followed by intense pain for the next six to eight hours. Gradually, a blister develops at the bite spot and slowly turns into an open ulcer. A person suffering from brown recluse spider bite often experiences symptoms such as fever, restlessness and difficulty in sleeping.
How To Get Rid Of Brown Recluse Spiders
- Aerosol sprays – Spraying an aerosol insecticide on brown recluses may be highly useful for a complete brown recluse spider control program.
- Residual dusts – Applying insecticidal dusts in attics, wall voids and inaccessible crawl spaces can be quite beneficial in getting rid of brown recluses. The fact that dusts can penetrate into places that cannot be reaches sprays, using this brown recluse spider extermination method will provide longer control.
- Sanitation – To get rid of brown recluse spiders and prevent them returning back to your abode, it is important that you follow some simple sanitation practices. Following certain sanitation rules such as improving storage, cutting tall ivy and grasses, reducing clutter and removing all debris away from your home can go a long way in keeping your home safe and sound.
- Vacuuming – A vacuum cleaner is great device that can help remove spiders, their eggs and webs easily. However, when using a vacuum cleaner, it is important that you ensure that the vacuum bag is sealed in a plastic and is thrown miles away from your home.
- Exclusion – To eliminate brown recluse spiders, it is essential that you exclude them completely. Treating all the cracks and gaps of outside pipes, walls, cables, vents and wires with dust agents and then sealing them with caulk will help in isolating your house and preventing infestation.
- Glue Boards – Glue boards are basically thin sticky cardboard that can be placed in different areas of your house. Using these boards not only helps capture brown recluse spider, but also helps trap other spiders or pests such as cockroaches that wander around your premises. However, it should be remembered that that the glue board treatment should be implemented before applying insecticide agents.
Tips To Prevent Brown Recluse Spider Infestation
- Seal all holes or small opening outside your home,
- To prevent spiders hiding in the firewood, stack them about four to five inches away from the ground, 20- 25 feet way from your home.
- Store your shoes or clothes inside plastic containers. Remember to shake them properly on the floor, especially if they have not been used for an extended period of time.
If you find that that even after using the above mentioned methods on how to kill or get rid of brown recluse spiders does not get rid of these pests, it is highly recommended that you contact a licensed pest professional immediately and do not attempt to handle these pests on your own.