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Bed bugs are turning out to be a very big global problem. These pests have conquered the news headlines lately, most especially in the United States wherein infestations are being reported on a habitual basis. The most susceptible areas would be those big city centers with a lot of people in a small area. It was reported that a city spent about half a million dollars just to get rid of bed bugs but turned out to be unsuccessful because of the pest’s tolerance to an insecticide which is called pyrethroid. This insecticide is often found in most products at home that are registered to get rid of bed bugs.


Bed bugs are small wingless insects that feed on blood. Mostly, they will dine on animals that are warm-blooded and some evidences show that humans are not necessarily their very first choice of victim.

On the other hand, a female bed bug will live for about five months if it’s in the correct conditions and during that time, she can lay eggs up to a thousand. Once these pests invade your home, they are unbelievably hard to eliminate.

Therefore, being completely knowledgeable and aware of the various signs that the bed bugs are present in your home could definitely make a big difference. This can enable you to recognize, as well as treat the problem immediately.

Common Signs of Bed Bugs

  • Bites – if you happen to notice that you have welts or small red bumps on your body, there is a possibility that you have been bitten by these pests. Most often, these bites can be seen on areas of the skin which were left exposed during the night like the face, legs, arms and neck.
  • Blood Smears – since bed bugs feed from human hosts when they are sleeping, it can take about ten minutes for one to be able to fill up on blood. This means that if the human host moves during this time, it can easily be crushed. Therefore, little blood smears present on the linen is a clear sign that these bugs have been lingering around your home.
  • Odor – as with many insects, when a bed bug is crushed it will emit a very unpleasant smell. In the case of these bugs, they will also give out bad smell when they are present in big numbers. So if you enter into a room and you sniff a smell of rotten raspberries, there is a possibility that your home has been infested with bed bugs.

Various Types of Bed Bugs

Bed Bug Nymph Feeding On Human - Cimex Lectularis

Bed Bug Nymph Feeding On Human – Cimex Lectularis

There are numerous types are known to exist as bed bugs, the pest that comes from the family of Cimcidae.

  • Cimex Lectularis – These are the most common, and the hosts that they usually feed on are the humans. They settle to areas where human beings stay and live, even though they are quite known to opt for temperate climates.
  • Cimex Hemipterus – Mostly found in tropical climates where bats and poultries are there usual victims. However, when it comes to humans, they do not say no. For
  • Leptocimex boueti – Often located in South America as well as in Africa, feeding on both bats and humans.
  • Haematosiphon Inodora – Found in the North America region and is known to attack more poultry compared to other species.
  • Oeciacus – Sets its attention on birds, living as a parasite on their skin.

How to Kill Bed Bugs Yourself

There are a number of easy steps that you might want to consider and follow which will hopefully help you in getting rid of those pesky bed bugs on your home. Here’s how you can do it all by yourself:

  • Remove the clutter and clear the room. If you see things that you are not using anymore and just laying there like books, magazines and newspapers, you can gather all of it and place them in a box or plastic bags. Do not forget to seal them tight and securely before disposing them.
  • Take away all used bed linens and clothing and put them in a sealed plastic bag. Launder everything at a high temperature as much as possible. Once garments have already been treated successfully, place them in a clean, new and fresh plastic bag and firmly seal them in order to prevent re contamination To add to that, you must also look through cabinets and drawers and clean them up because these bugs will hide out anywhere they want.
  • Once you made the room clear of clutter and mess, vacuum every part of the room in a thorough manner and this has to include the curtains, furniture and the bed. It is important that after you used the vacuum, empty the contents and put in a plastic bag, completely sealed before throwing them away.
  • Steam Cleaning – This method has proven to be among the best in killing bed bugs. Steam cleaning is the excessive heat generated through steam which is very effective in killing bed bugs in your house. However, there is a procedure which you should follow in order to kill these insects effectively. The first thing which you should do is to ensure that the room which is infested is well exposed in order to know all the hiding points of the bed bugs.
  • Using Insecticides – Though this isn’t the best method, it is an option if you don’t mind using chemicals in your househol. You can use Cyonara 9.7 which is a residual insecticide which has proven to be effective in killing bed bugs in your house. This brand of insecticide is manufactured specifically to kill these insects and is also used to stop infestation for long period of time. The first thing to do if you are using this insecticide is, to dilute it with water before spaying it into all areas in your rooms which are infested. Ensure that all crevices, cracks & corners of well sprayed. Nevertheless, it is not important to use this insecticide directly into those areas which you use for sitting and sleeping. Therefore, ensure that you have kept a side your mattresses, sofas and cushions when you are spraying.
  • Use of Dust Spray consisting of Food Grade Diatomaceous Earth – There are various dusts which can be used for killing bugs present in your mattresses and beds. The dust sprays are usually designed to facilitate application with the help of dusters & small paint brushes. The bugs can be killed immediately by spraying it into crevices and cracks. However, this process needs to be repeated several times with duration of two month in order to get rid of the infestations completely.
  • Use Your Clothes Dryer – Put anything that will fit and won’t be damaged by the dryer, or damage the dryer into said dryer. The hot air will kill both bed bugs and their eggs. Follow this drying with a wash cycle, and another round of drying. Do not simply place items out in direct sunlight, as this will not get to the required 120° temperature and will not kill anything.
  • Black Trash Bags and Sunlight – If you have things that won’t fit in the dryer, or you don’t want to put in the dryer another effective heat method is to place the items in sealed black plastic bags and leaving them in the sun for a day or two. This should get the inside of the trash bags to the required temperature of 120 degrees or higher, and should kill all bed bugs and their eggs.

Termites can cause significant damage to woodwork as well as the furnishings in buildings. Reports show that in some countries a loss of up to 10% of the total capital outlay of buildings is attributed to termite destruction.

Why do termites destroy wood?

Great question! Termites have special protozoa in their digestive system that helps them to digest wood. Wood is therefore their source of nourishment.

Types of Termites

  • kill-termites-on-woodDry wood termites – These types of termites live as small colonies in dry wood without establishing any connection with the soil. They are prevalent in humid coastal regions and they are responsible for the destruction of wooden structure only.
  • Subterranean termites – They establish their colonies primarily in the soil i.e. underground. They enter buildings through from the foundations or from any ground that is adjacent to buildings. They then advance upwards from the floor as they destroy whatever that comes on their way. They can also enter through any crack or opening that occurs during masonry and joining. In most cases, they build their nests in stumps of dead trees or create colonies in form of dome shaped mounds on the ground.

Can we use DIY methods to kill termites?

Yes of course. You can learn how to get rid of termites in a number of reliable ways. The first task that a person needs to do is to identify them before they can cause irreparable destruction.

3 Methods for Identifying the Presence of Termites

Once you suspect they may have entered your home, there are a few different ways to detect their presence.

  1. Use of sniffer dogs – Well trained dogs can easily locate the existence of termites.
  2. Use of gas detectors – Termites expel a gas of a specific composition, and a detector can determine whether or not this particular gas mixture is present.
  3. Acoustics – Instruments are used to listen for the distinct sound of termites that are feeding on your home.

Natural ways for killing termites

Termites are creatures whose existence can be cut by the use of natural measures. These measures are cheap and they can be carried out by anybody since minimal or no expertise is required. Some of the natural treatments include:

Removal of stumps, roots and any other termite attractive debris – This technique is best suited for the subterranean termites. The removal will interfere with their normal functions. The removed materials should also be destroyed in order to kill any termite that is found.

Deep digging – This will make it possible for the underground colonies of the termites to be destroyed.

Destroy all wooden mulch – Mulch is normally infested with termites within a very short time especially in termite prone areas. To destroy such termites, mulch should be destroyed. It is advisable to avoid use of any other wooden mulch if cedar mulch cannot be obtained.

Flooding the soil – Flooding the region infested with termites is one of the most effective methods of killing termites because water will drown them.

Heat fumigation – Subjecting the termites to temperatures of more than 120°F for a minimum of 35 minutes will kill them. This method, however, needs some guidance for implementation.

Low temperatures – A low temperature of less than -20 degrees Fahrenheit is known to terminate the existence of termites. To achieve this, liquid nitrogen is used.

Microwave spot treatment – This method involves the use of electromagnetic energy at microwave frequencies. It needs a little technical knowledge for it to be successfully implemented.

Use of nematodes – Breeding of nematodes in the termite infested area is a significant step in killing them. Nematodes feed on termites and within a very short period of time, the entire termites colony will be exterminated.

Chemical methods of killing termites

Use of arsenic dust – Arsenic trioxide is very effective in that it will even if few termites come in contact with the chemical, all the members of the colony will be victims because in the event of their grooming the chemical is transferred to each. Due to their cannibalistic nature, dead termites will transmit the drug to those who feed on them.

Depending on where you live, there may be laws against the use of arsenic trioxide by anyone other than a licensed professional, so be sure to look into this before delving into this solution. It can be very dangerous if you don’t know what you’re doing.

Use of permethrin dust – It is very useful essential where immediate effect is needed.

Use of bio-blast – This involves the use of a fungus that infects and kills those with fungal spores.

It is important to note that the use of chemicals should be undertaken with extra care since they can be quite dangerous and can cause injury if not death. It is of the utmost importance to keep the chemicals out of reach of like children and animals. In the end, if safety is a concern (and it should be), hiring a professional rather than killing termites yourself might be the most suitable course of action.

You can do it, but is it worth it?

While you may be able to fight off the infestation on your own, it’s possible you end up just prolonging and exacerbating the situation which can end up costing you much more than calling a professional right away. The scenario where you’re most likely to be successful on your own is if you catch them early, so stay vigilant.

If you think you might be over your head, it certainly doesn’t hurt to get a quote from a professional just to see how much it might cost to have them do it.

Termites may be small but the damage they cause is definitely not. The worst thing about termites is that they are not only very dangerous but also act silently. This means that termites might be living and thriving in your home while you remain totally clueless. By the time you notice signs of damage, it might be too late and your property might have already suffered a huge blow, thanks to these pesky little fellows. The reason why termites always find a way into houses is because all houses provide the kind of food termites thrive on: cellulose-based plant material. Regardless of the construction type of the house, termites will always find a way to get to the cellulose food.

Termites are detritivores which means that they feed on dead plants and trees and also the dead parts of living trees. In basic terms, termites feed on dead wood. This is why they will be drawn to your furniture, books, shelves and even your house’s foundation.

Types of Termites

how-to-get-rid-of-formosan-termitesAlthough they may all look the same to you, there are different types of termites. Of course, the first thing on your mind when you come across a termite infestation in your house is how to get rid of the menace and not which category they belong to. However, it does not hurt to know what you are dealing with.

Subterranean Termites

These are the termites that live in colonies below the ground. In order to reach above-ground sources of food, they build a network of tunnels. These termites are dependent on moisture for survival. These termites usually have a queen that lays thousands of eggs in its lifetime.

Dry-wood Termites

These are the termites that you are most likely to find in your attic wood. They create colonies in wood and they thrive on very little moisture.

Damp-wood Termites

As the name suggests, these are the termites that you will find in damp and decaying wood. These fellows usually do not nest in the soil but prefer to build colonies in decaying wood found on the soil. You can tell that dampwood termites have worked on wood if it looks smooth and cleaned out.

Formosan Termites

They are sometimes referred to as introduced subterranean termites because they nest in the soil. These termites will invade structures from the soil through wood or the mud tubes that they construct. The difference between Formosan termites and their subterranean counterparts is that they are able to build structures that retain moisture. Therefore, they need not return to the soil for moisture.

How To Tell If You Have Termites

Most people will notice a termite infestation only after severe damage has been done. However, there are certain tell-tale signs that should alert you to the existence of termites in your house before it is too late. If you notice that all of a sudden there are winged guests in your home or from the soil around the house, you could be looking at a potential termite infestation. The presence of mud tubes in places such as wooden beams and crawl spaces should also alert you to a termite problem. Swarmers will usually discard their wings on places such as your window sills so look out for these too. If you tap wood in your home and it sounds hollow, you might want to investigate and find out whether any termites have made themselves at home in your home. Frass (termite droppings) is an obvious sign of termite infestation.

Getting Rid of Termites Naturally

Now that you know how to check for unwelcome guests in your home, what steps do you take when you find out that indeed there is a termite infestation? There are both natural and chemical ways to get rid of termites. If you opt for the natural route, you need to get your hands on beneficial nematodes. It’s not as rocket science as it sounds. Beneficial nematodes are actually unsegmented worms that are used to kill garden pests such as termites. They do this by burrowing into hosts, in this case termite larvae, and in doing so they cause the death of their hosts. You can easily purchase these helpful fellows from your local garden supply store or online. Currently, there are five varieties that you can choose from.

Remember to use the nematodes immediately after purchase; if not, store them in your refrigerator. Since UV light harms these worms, be sure to place them in the garden after sunset or before sunrise.

Using a cardboard trap is another way to get rid of termites naturally. Cardboard contains cellulose which as earlier mentioned is what termites feed on. In order to set the trap for the termites, you need to spray the cardboard so that the smell of the cellulose becomes more distinct. You should then place the cardboard trap near a termite-infested area. The termites will be attracted to the cardboard giving you the chance to catch them and burn them off.

Exposing termites to sunlight and the heat associated with it kills them. If your furniture has been infested by termites, find a way of getting it out of the house. The rays from the sun will handle your termite problem for you.

Another natural way of eliminating termites from your home is by ensuring that they do not get the opportunity to thrive. Simply put, you need to ensure that you embark on prevention rather than cure. Get rid of damp wood around your home and clear any bushes as this exposes the termites to sunlight which as earlier mentioned kills them. Water leaks in your house should also be taken care of as this will eventually attract termites.

Alternatively, you can get rid of termites using boric acid. In fact, boric acid is the main ingredient found in many termite insecticides that you buy from the store. Boric acid kills termites by shutting down their nervous systems and dehydrating them. If you want this method to work best, make use of bait stations. For this, you need to spray wood with boric acid and then place it strategically in different parts where you think termites might be. Be sure to check these bait stations regularly and replenish the boric acid as required.

Orange oil can also be used to eliminate drywood termites. Orange oil is an extract that is gotten from orange peels. It is insoluble in water. In order for it to work, you should drill holes into the infested wood and pour in the orange oil through the holes. Be cautious when using orange oil as some people are allergic to it. Orange oil kills the termites through direct contact or by starving them to death as it deters feeding.

Heat fumigation is another effective way of killing termites. When termites are subjected to temperatures of above 120�F for 35 minutes or more, they’ll die. You might want to do this with the help of a professional. Be sure to remove all your gadgets e.g television sets and computers from the house before you use this method.

Get Rid Of Termites Using Chemicals

Chemical methods of getting rid of termites include using arsenic dust which is very effective as it kills all members of the colony even if only a few come into contact with it. This is because in the course of their interactions, the termites pass on the arsenic trioxide to the others. Termites who feed on the victims of the arsenic dust also die. This method might be limited to licensed professionals depending on your state of residence.

Permethrin dust is also quite effective especially if you are looking to get instant results. A good alternative to spot treatment is electrical shock. 90,000 volts of power are used to electrocute drywood termite colonies. For this, you need to use an Electro-Gun.

Using chemical methods for getting rid of termites can be quite hazardous, so if you are at the point that you’re considering this route, it is usually a better idea to simply call a professional.

When To Call A Professional Exterminator

Sometimes, the termite infestation might be on a large scale that cannot be adequately covered if you decide to do it yourself. In such an instance, your best bet is to call in professional extermination services. The best thing about such services as compared to DIY is that they have the professional expertise needed to handle termite infestations of any kind. They are used to dealing with infestations and are therefore unlikely to miss any spots. It is important to check with the Structural Pest Control Board before hiring any professional extermination company. Another good move is to insist on a written agreement where the company promises complete termite extinction for a period of time, say two years. This way, the exterminators will periodically inspect your property at no extra cost.

If you don’t deal with termite infestation early enough, you will have to deal with damage property and loss of property value later on. Thankfully, when handled while there’s still adequate time, termite infestation need not bug you longer than necessary.

When we hear of bed bugs most of us think of small bugs which are close to invisible, that infest our beds due to improper cleaning of the beddings or immediate surroundings.

Are Bed Bugs Visible to the Human Eye?

Contrary to this popular belief, bed bugs are actually visible! We hardly see them because they are usually active in dark places. During your sleep, the bed bugs will silently climb on its prey and when this is done, start the feeding process sucking of human blood.

During the day, the best place to find the bugs will be in the furniture, luggage, clothing, crevices, or in some cases the folds of a mattress.

The eggs are tricky to see despite their resemblance to salt grains. Although the bed bugs can be seen clearly under a microscope, they are usually hard to come across yet easy to notice with naked eyes once you know how they look, including the bites as witnessed in a number of places on the victim’s body.


Reddish-Brown Adult Bed Bug

Bed Bug Description


Translucent Bed Bug Nymph Filled With Blood

A bed bug is a small six-legged, nocturnal creepy-crawly that feasts on human blood. Mainly attracted by warmth, the bug pierces on your skin using two hollow tubes, injecting an anticoagulant accompanied by aesthetics through its saliva which helps to keep the host’s blood from clotting. Bed bugs may be small but for sure these tiny insects can live for a whole year or up to 18 months without food – in this case is blood.

What color are bed bugs? Well, an adult bed bug is reddish-brown, wingless, flattened, and oval; with minuscule hairs giving them a banded exterior (may also range in color depending on the time after the most recent blood meal).  Newly hatched nymphs are translucent and this light color will gradually change to browner as they will be approaching maturity.

How Big Are Bed Bugs?


Bed Bug Actual Size and Size Comparison

It grows to 5mm in length. When fully fed, the bug can swell to a bulgy height such that its appearance may no longer be flat. Obviously, the nymphs are smaller and the eggs even smaller. These are both rather difficult to spot due to the the fact that they’re so small, and translucent.

To the left you will see both a size comparison of a bed bug as well as the bed bug at its actual size. The “actual size” bed bug might not be precise as its size may vary from screen to screen. Usually when it comes to size, bed bugs are often compared to apple seeds or lentils.

Female bed bugs are capable of laying close to twelve eggs in a single day, and the eggs deposited in crack and crevices, or in rough surfaces. These eggs are coated with a sticky substance that enables them adhere to whatever they are placed upon. They (the eggs) hatch from 617 days, and can begin feeding immediately. The bugs require a blood meal to help them molt. When this happens, the skin can be found around their nests including the eggs and the fecal matter.

What Do Bed Bug Bites Look Like?


These Bed Bugs Bites Are On The Chin, But They Can Appear Anywhere On Your Body

Normally there is no immediate sign after actual biting, but the bite marks will appear swollen after an hour or so. The bump will at first look like a small flea/mosquito bite inflammation but as time goes, this rash will start to itch, and in case the host continually scratches the swelling this could trigger an infection.

Bed bugs tend to feed on human blood for about two minutes, going up to ten minutes if left undisturbed leaving the victim with severe itchiness which may also lead to serious allergic reactions according to some people. The urgent treatment for the rash or bites is by simply washing the swellings with soap and water. Ice or natural herbs like plantain, mud and fresh-herb poultices, would then be used so as to help speed up the healing process. Do not scratch, since this could lead to a more serious infection that would definitely require a more advanced medical aid.

Bed bugs may be small but the fact is that they can be killed only if only you know where to find them. While this may not be a permanent solution to your bug problem, prevention is better than cure! Better be prepared the next time you notice an infestation. You can opt for extermination services which will definitely cost you some cash. And in case you decide to do this on your own, there are other procedures you can follow to effectually kill off the bed bugs; for example using cleaning elements such as Lysol or even commercially available sprays. Thorough inspection of every room should be done, not just the bedroom. The living room, den, family room, or any other room with fabric covered furniture and carpet should be expediently cleaned.

Flying termites are just common termites that are in their winged life stage. This phase is part of their reproduction cycle. While they are breeding adults at this stage and don’t cause significant damage themselves, they create thousands of termite wood-chewing offspring. Flying termites seek new locations for their colonies. It you find winged termites around your home or indoors, it may be an indication that there is termite infestation in a part of your home. There are ways you can identify, kill and prevent flying termites in and around your home.

Identifying Flying Termites

flying-termitesWhen it comes to identifying winged termites, you need to be able to distinguish a flying termite from a flying ant, as the two are often mistaken for one another. Both of these insects look similar but flying ants have three-segment bodies, while termites have two-segment bodies. Flying termites have two long same-sized sets of wings, and ants have a small and big set of wings.

Finding Flying Termites

If you find flying termites indoors, then it could be a sign of infestation, as they could have built nearby colonies. Look for mud tubes or tracks where the termites burrow into the ground. These are usually found in dark, moist areas that have access to wood, and you can look in places like the basement, cracks in the foundation or the underneath siding. Flying termites can occasionally be seen entering and leaving these mud tubes. Sometimes you will find wings instead of the insect’s body. This is because flying termites drop their wings after mating, and the females then go to burrow in mud to lay eggs. You can look for shed wings on window sills and along baseboards.

Ways to Exterminate Flying Termites

If you have a termite problem that is is mainly outside, then use a bug zapper. Termites get attracted to light, so a bug zapper will be an effective way of killing flying termites. Place the electric bug zapper outside the house and near the termites, while keeping the lighting around the house to a minimum to avoid attracting them to your home.

If you see flying termites, you can hit them down and kill them just like that. You can also use vacuum cleaner to vacuum them up, and a liquid spray like a local insecticide to spray on the winged termites and kill them.

Flying termites can be a sign of a nearby active termite colony. Killing the swarmers alone will not solve your termite problem if you have one; you need to find the colony and destroy it for complete termite extermination. Liquid termiticide sprays and baiting systems provide the best methods to extinguish the colony and prevent flying termites. Termiticide can be sprayed around the foundation of your home, in holes or cracks in the walls, and in any areas you have seen termites. Baiting systems will starve the whole colony as they attract the termites and then kill them. Place baits in the soil around your home’s foundation, separating each of them to be at least 1 foot apart.

Palmetto bug is a name that is used to describe the Florida woods cockroach, its scientific name is Eurycotis floridana. It is often found on palmetto trees, which is how it got its name. It is commonly found in Florida and other nearby coastal areas, and is one of the largest cockroach species found in North America.

Palmetto Bug Identification

kill-palmetto-bugsThe palmetto bug is reddish-brown to black in color and has very small wings (they have fore wings and lack hind wings). They do not often fly and are clumsy and slow runners. Just like most of the other cockroach species the palmetto bug adults have flat elongated bodies with a set of long antennae and six legs. They are normally 1.2–1.6 inches (30–40 mm) long.

The species’ egg case is dark brown in color, 0.55–0.63 inches (14–16 mm) long, and contains 21-23 eggs. The egg case has indentations that show where the eggs are located. When alarmed, the adults emit an extremely foul smelling glandular secretion, this method of defense is quite unpleasant and has earned them alternate names like skunk roach and Florida stink roach.

It is often confused with the American cockroach, and many people use the ‘palmetto bug’ name to refer to the two species. Both cockroach species are large, and up to around 2 inches (around 5 cm) and are also superficially similar. One method of distinguishing them is by observing how the insects in question move, since the American cockroach is a proficient flier and runs more quickly than the Florida woods cockroach. Another difference between the two is that American cockroaches are usually found in large numbers in buildings while the Florida woods cockroach prefer outdoor conditions.

Signs Of A Palmetto Bug Infestation

The most conclusive sign of a palmetto bug infestation is simply seeing them in your house, but because they are nocturnal insects and prefer living outdoors they aren’t always easy to spot. You can use the signs below to identify a palmetto bug infestation.

  • Palmetto bug sighting – When a very severe infestation is present, the palmetto bug can often be seen during the day. Although this may not be true in all infestations, the severity of the palmetto bug infestation is directly proportional to the number of sightings during daylight hours. You can easily identify the palmetto bugs using the above descriptions. You may also see dead palmetto bugs.
  • Shell Casing – One of the most common signs of palmetto bugs is the presence of their small dark brown oval-shaped shell casings. These are usually found in hidden areas such as, behind kitchen cabinets, behind dishes, behind refrigerators, stoves and sinks, under floor drains and inside of motors and major appliances and within wall cracks.
  • Unpleasant Smell – Palmetto bugs give off a strong, oily odor, which becomes extremely pungent when they are in large numbers. Apart from the hygiene issues associated with a palmetto bug infestation in your home, their smell itself is quite unpleasant and it can easily permeate food that’s left exposed to the air.
  • Shed Skin – As immature palmetto bugs shed their skin, you can easily see old body shells around your house during the infestations. These body casings may include parts of a casing or maybe whole.
  • Fecal Matter – Palmetto bugs deposit fecal waste along the routes that they travel. Smaller palmetto bugs produce fecal waste that looks like black, sandy grains. You can also identify a palmetto bug infestation by sighting cockroach specks. These dark colored specks are regurgitated food and fecal pellets and they look like grains of ground pepper.
  • Other Signs – Since palmetto bugs will feed on nearly anything, including fabric and books, you may notice small holes on some of your items. You may also observe brown matter on your books and furniture, which is regurgitated food.

Where Palmetto Bugs Are Found

They prefer damp locations, and do well in warm, damp climates. Their native habitats include areas such as , such as West Indies and Florida. The species is found mostly outdoors and isn’t considered a major pest in houses. However they may sometimes be found indoors especially in extreme infestations and during cold weather conditions.

When they are found near houses, they are usually living in the surrounding trees, sheltered outdoor locations, such as under boards and lumber, under leaf litter, in tree holes, and other crevices. They may also be found in compost piles, vegetable or flower beds and shrubs. Outdoor garages and sheds that provide access to vegetation may also shelter palmetto bugs.

How To Kill Palmetto Bugs In 9 Steps

  1. Caulk the crevices, holes and cracks in your home (you may also use steel wool or copper mesh ) so that palmetto bugs don’t find routes through which they can enter your home. You can also use wire screens in air vents, windows and floor drains.
  2. Remove cardboard boxes from your home – The honeycomb design of cardboard provides palmetto bugs and other cockroaches the perfect space for reproducing and hiding.
  3. Eliminate water and food sources that palmetto bug could use such as leaks, dripping faucets, pet food and water, and dirty kitchens makes your house less attractive to palmetto bugs.
  4. Use a trash can that has a tight fitting lid.
  5. Fix any leaky faucets and drains ; palmetto bugs can live on water alone.
  6. At night empty pet food containers, or place them in a plastic bag.
  7. Vacuum your house regularly, and restrict consumption of food to one of the rooms. This will help in preventing palmetto bugs from spreading into others areas of your home.
  8. Baits -You can lightly dust boric acid where you have seen the bugs. You can also make your own bait by mixing one part sugar, two parts flour and one part boric acid. Add enough water to form little cakes or balls.
  9. Spray pesticide – The best organic sprays for palmetto bugs are the citrus products. To avoid purchasing expensive pesticides make your own natural pesticide by mixing one tablespoon of black pepper, 3.5 grams of tobacco dust and one teaspoon of liquid dish-washing detergent. Spray the mixture in areas where you can see the bugs. If you want to get rid of an extreme palmetto bug infestation it is advisable that you seek the help of a pest control expert.

Remember to always put the baits and pesticides in areas where children and pets cannot reach.

Brown recluse spiders are perhaps one of the most dreaded household pests that are found in some parts of the United States, most commonly through the central south and Midwestern states. Brown recluse spiders are nocturnal creatures who feed on other insects such as caterpillars, cockroaches or even other spiders. These pests who prefer hiding during the day and leave their shelter during night in search of food spin irregular webs to be used as retreat and not for catching their prey.

What Do Brown Recluse Spiders Look Like

kill brown recluse spiderThese pests which are usually light to dark brown in color have a distinctive dark brown violin shaped marking on their back.

While their round body is about ¼ to an inch long and has a velvety appearance, the legs are long, thin and have no spines.

However, the distinctive feature that separates these spiders from the rest of the species is their eye pattern. Their six eyes are arranged in a semi circle and are set in pairs (one pair in the front and one on each side).

Where Are Brown Recluse Spiders Found?

As the name suggests, this brown spider is a recluse and generally prefer seclusion in hidden areas and avoid open spaces. Indoors, these brown pests are most commonly found in dark and undisturbed areas such as among papers, under furniture, seldom used clothing or shoes, crevices, inside boxes, attics, basements or closets. In outdoor areas, these household pests usually choose to live in dark, hidden spots such as beneath logs, lumber piles or stones.

Understanding The Threat

The fact that that brown recluse is not aggressive, these spiders tend to bite humans in defense and not instinctively. The bite of the brown recluse spider is usually causes by accidental contact, such as reaching out into the areas where the spider is harbored or wearing clothes or shoes into which the pests is hidden. Both male and female brown recluse spiders can bite and inject venom causing severe pain, disfiguring skin ulcers and sometimes create life threatening complications. A brown recluse spider bite initially causes a stinging sensation followed by intense pain for the next six to eight hours. Gradually, a blister develops at the bite spot and slowly turns into an open ulcer. A person suffering from brown recluse spider bite often experiences symptoms such as fever, restlessness and difficulty in sleeping.

How To Get Rid Of Brown Recluse Spiders

  1. Aerosol sprays –  Spraying an aerosol insecticide on brown recluses may be highly useful for a complete brown recluse spider control program.
  2. Residual dusts – Applying insecticidal dusts in attics, wall voids and inaccessible crawl spaces can be quite beneficial in getting rid of brown recluses. The fact that dusts can penetrate into places that cannot be reaches sprays, using this brown recluse spider extermination method will provide longer control.
  3. Sanitation – To get rid of brown recluse spiders and prevent them returning back to your abode, it is important that you follow some simple sanitation practices. Following certain sanitation rules such as improving storage, cutting tall ivy and grasses, reducing clutter and removing all debris away from your home can go a long way in keeping your home safe and sound.
  4. Vacuuming – A vacuum cleaner is great device that can help remove spiders, their eggs and webs easily. However, when using a vacuum cleaner, it is important that you ensure that the vacuum bag is sealed in a plastic and is thrown miles away from your home.
  5. Exclusion – To eliminate brown recluse spiders, it is essential that you exclude them completely. Treating all the cracks and gaps of outside pipes, walls, cables, vents and wires with dust agents and then sealing them with caulk will help in isolating your house and preventing infestation.
  6. Glue Boards – Glue boards are basically thin sticky cardboard that can be placed in different areas of your house. Using these boards not only helps capture brown recluse spider, but also helps trap other spiders or pests such as cockroaches that wander around your premises. However, it should be remembered that that the glue board treatment should be implemented before applying insecticide agents.

Tips To Prevent Brown Recluse Spider Infestation

  • Seal all holes or small opening outside your home,
  • To prevent spiders hiding in the firewood, stack them about four to five inches away from the ground, 20- 25 feet way from your home.
  • Store your shoes or clothes inside plastic containers. Remember to shake them properly on the floor, especially if they have not been used for an extended period of time.

If you find that that even after using the above mentioned methods on how to kill or get rid of brown recluse spiders does not get rid of these pests, it is highly recommended that you contact a licensed pest professional immediately and do not attempt to handle these pests on your own.

Gnats are tiny two-winged flies that almost resemble mosquitoes. As a matter of fact, some species of mosquito fall under the general definition of “gnat.” These insects fly around in large swarms and they can be very annoying. However, to prevent them from swarming around your home, you can take the necessary measures by getting rid of them.

There are a couple of changes which you might want to implement to get rid of gnats in your home. Below are simple guidelines that outline how to kill or get rid of gnats effectively.

How To Get Rid Of Gnats In The House

kill-gnatsYour main focus should be to kill all living gnats present in your kitchen. The creatures are generally attracted to confectionery food items. However, you can use this to your advantage by setting a trap using confectionery food items. Once trapped in liquids, gnats will find it rather difficult to escape. Therefore, make a trap using sweetened liquids such as lemonade or soda. You can pour it inside a container and leave it overnight in the places infested by gnats. When you wake up in the morning, there will be lots of dead gnats floating inside the container. 

There are many more tricks that can be employed particularly if the above mentioned method does not eliminate the annoying insects. However, it is recommended that you try the above technique first a couple of times before trying another one.

The other technique that can be used for trapping the insects entails filling several cups with over-ripened or rotten fruits and then pour some water inside mixed with a little dish-soap. Once this is done, place the cups in areas of your house that are infested by the insects then let it stay overnight. Over-ripened fruits work by attracting the gnats while the soapy solution traps and kills them. 

Gnats will rarely be seen in hygienic sections of the house. However, they will always be found in sections of the house where spilled food is lying about. Moreover, they can also be found in dirty kitchens. Therefore, clean and remove all forms of dirt from your kitchen to avoid infestation.

To completely discourage the gnats from infesting your home, mix water and vinegar and pour it into a spray bottle then spray the contents of the bottle all over the kitchen. Pay special attention to places like the fridge, sink, kitchen counter, cooking area and the cooking table. This action removes debris including other unclean items from the kitchen thus eliminating factors that would otherwise attract gnats to breed in the kitchen. 

Food items, vegetables and fruits should ideally be stored away in the appropriate places. Foods that are perishable on the other hand should be stored in tightly sealed containers and put inside the fridge. Although some people prefer to leave fruits in bowls on top of the kitchen counter, this is not advisable because it encourages infestation.

Wash all fruits properly and if you come across rotten or over-ripened fruits, throw them away before they attract gnats. These insects love to dwell and feed on rotten fruits. Consider throwing away fruits not consumed within five days after purchase. Placing fruits and vegetables in the refrigerator is also a brilliant idea as it will prevent the insects from colonizing your fruits plus it also ensures you have fresh fruits for a long time. 

Sadly, houseplants also attract gnats. This usually occurs when the leaves or stems begin to wither. For this reason, you need to inspect your plants frequently and check for any signs of infestation. The insects are also known to infest plant roots especially if they are rotting. Dig some mud from the roots of the plants and examine them carefully for any signs of decay.

Gnats are additionally attracted to plants that are dead and are already decaying. While examining the roots of the plants, check for larvae and fungus too. Once you have completely removed all affected areas including withered leaves, sprinkle some sand over the soil then sprinkle cinnamon powder. This works by keeping the insects away from the plants. 

If none of the methods outlining how to kill or get rid of gnats work for you, consider purchasing sprays that will eradicate them faster. If you are still finding it difficult to eliminate the annoying insects, seek help from providers of pest control services as a means of preventing future infestation.

Silverfish bugs are wingless insects about an inch in size, bluish silver in color and have a hard exoskeleton. They have two long antennas on their head and three prominent tails on the rear. The number of female eggs usually varies depending on their species, and may range from 2-20 eggs a day. They are known to lay eggs at any time of the year which then develop from larva to adults within a period not exceeding 4 months.

How To Determine Silverfish Infestation

kill-silverfishDetermining silverfish infestation in your home or office can be quite a difficult task because these annoying bugs love hiding in dark and protected places. Additionally, they reproduce very fast. Another thing that makes it hard for home owners to detect silverfish is because they are nocturnal which means that they may remain unnoticed for quite a long period of time. So, how to do you detect them? You can detect them by their tiny pepper like feces, cast skins, feeding damage such as small holes on clothing, wallpaper, cereal boxes and even yellowish stains on your fabric. If you notice feeding damage, then infestation is well established already. They travel long distance in search of food which could also make it a challenge to trace the infestation source. While many people give up the hope of eliminating them, deciding to get rid of these destructive bugs is actually a poor decision.

Where To Find Silverfish

If your home is infested with silverfish, you are most likely going to spot in areas such as bookcase shelves, bathtubs, basements, garages, sinks, behind baseboards, attics and in other dark yet warm and moist areas of your home. In this regard, the common habitats of silverfish are bathrooms, kitchens, laundry rooms, attics and basements. They love the taste of starch found in book bindings, paper that has paste or glue, specific fabrics, cereals, bathroom products, crumbs, flour and plant materials. This is why they are commonly found in the areas mentioned. It is important for homeowners to learn how to get rid of silverfish to keep them away from their homes. So how do you go about it? Keep reading to establish ways of eliminating these annoying and destructive bugs.

Learning How To Get Rid of Silverfish

Sanitation is just one of the ways of getting rid of an existing silverfish infestation. However, it is important for you to note that sanitation cannot work alone to get rid of these bugs. This is especially because silverfish can survive for a long time without food even for up to one year. This means sanitation may only help to prevent cases of re-infestation after eliminating silverfish population. To reduce their populations consider making the environment as less attractive for them as possible.

That aside, there are two major ways of controlling silverfish namely natural and chemical method. Although the two approaches are both effective, chemical agents are much more costly as well as harmful. Chemical agents such as propoxur are available in any garden center or even hardware store. The insecticide should be sprayed behind appliances and other common inhabitants of silverfish. Although these chemicals do not kill silverfish eggs, they are effective in reducing the population. There are other compounds which are commonly used are the ones containing diatoms and have been crushed to obtain dust. This dust is then spread around baseboards as well as on floors of the room. The diatoms usually offer a silicon based spine which acts as an abrasive for destroying the waxy coating of the bug. When the waxy layer is destroyed, the bug loses water uncontrollably via evaporation and then dies of dehydration.

On the other hand, natural means are safe for you, your kids and even pets. Moreover, they usually provide a wide range of solutions for silverfish. There are also different types of traps that are available in stores or even homemade ones. If you do not wish to visit the store to purchase products, it is possible for you to make your own trap inexpensively. For instance, you can take a jar and then surround the outside of the jar with masking tape or even hockey tape. When you are done, leave it in a common area for silverfish with some bread at the bottom. They will climb up the jar, fall inside and will not be able to leave the jar. You may also want to consider investing in general sticky traps which attract bugs and they get stuck. These are simple but effective methods of getting rid of these common bugs.

Roaches are probably a common nuisance that households across the world have to deal with. According to some studies roaches are the only living species that are likely to survive a nuclear attack, if it ever happens. This is because these creatures live in tiny creaks and crevices within your home which neither you nor common pesticides can penetrate. Roaches are also said to be able to survive for months on the glue behind an average sized postage stamp. This makes them quite hardy and difficult to eradicate.

The Problems with Hiring Professional Help

While there are professional pest control companies that can help you fight these insects; hiring them comes with its own share of problems. The entire process can be expensive and messy. The foul odor of the pesticide lingers for days, making your home unsuitable for staying in. You will probably have to move out for a few days while the professionals do their job. Pesticides used by professional companies are toxic and can be a reason for worry if you have infants, children, elderly people and pets living at home. Pesticides can also cause allergies in susceptible people. After the pest control is done, you will need to clean everything in the house to remove the toxic residue from all the surfaces to ensure you and your family remain safe. Not an easy task this!

How to Kill Roaches With Boric Acid

The best approach is to find a way of controlling the roaches menace yourself. Roach butter is a tried and tested method of successfully killing roaches the safe way. This is something anyone can do at home and is safe and effective. So go ahead and master the art of how to kill roaches with boric acid.

Ingredients Required

  • 50 grams or 0.10 lbs of flour.
  • 50 grams or 0.10 lbs of boric powder/acid.
  • 50 grams or 1.10 lbs of powdered sugar.
  • 50 grams or 1.10 lbs of butter.

Note: If you are unsure of the measure you can use 2 tbs of each ingredient or an equal ratio. Don’t substitute butter with cooking oil. Boric powder/acid can be bought at a pharmacy.


  1. Mix the powdered ingredients thoroughly.
  2. Add butter to the mix and knead into a stiff dough.
  3. Form pea sized balls of the dough and your bait is ready.

Place the boric powder mix bait on your kitchen counter, inside kitchen cabinets, on the kitchen floor, in the kitchen sink, in your bathrooms and anywhere else you find these creatures lurking. It is imperative that the bait is left around during the night, as it is then that roaches venture out from their dens in search of food.

Roaches get attracted to the smell of butter in the bait and gnaw at them. The sugar masks the taste of boric powder. Boric powder is lethal for roaches and they soon die after nibbling on the bait left around. The good thing about boric powder is that it is not really harmful to people and pets at home, as its toxicity level is very low. However, to be safe, remove the bait during the day when your children and pets are likely to be around.

Once you place the boric powder bait around your home you can expect to find dead roaches lying around your home every morning.

Tips for Complete Eradication of Roaches

Over a period of time the bait you leave around will kill all the roaches in your home. This is when you will think of removing the bait completely. The trouble is roaches will be back within a couple of weeks. Don’t let this fool you into believing the remedy was ineffective. For remember there will be cockroaches eggs waiting to hatch.

Each egg is said to contain around 15 tiny roaches. You do your math and calculate how fast these creatures will be multiplying right under your nose. So the trick is to repeat the eradication process every fortnight. This will ensure that all the newly hatched cockroaches also die.

Once the eradication is complete you can set out the bait every 3 months or so.

Prevent Future Roach Infestation

Roaches will always find a way into your home if you unknowingly provide them a safe haven. Here is what you can do to ensure they do not dwell in your home.

  • Keep your home clean, especially the kitchen counter, kitchen sink and the bathrooms.
  • Don’t leave food lying around. Make sure it is stored in tight containers.
  • Throw away the garbage each night.
  • Do the dishes at night, so roaches don’t get attracted to the smell of food and enter your home.
  • Seal entry points through which they are likely to enter.

Follow these simple steps and you will certainly be able to keep roaches from moving in with you.

Ants are known as one of the most difficult pests to eliminate, particularly after they have established in the home. Outside the house, these pests play an integral role in balancing ecology by feeding on dead insects, decomposing tissues from dead animals and even other pests. However, ant invasion in the house is an annoying nuisance. Although eliminating ants from your home may be a bit challenging, it is not impossible as long as you use the right methods. There are several ways of getting rid of ants from the house. But today, many people opt for natural ways of eliminating ants instead of using chemical pesticides. Here are some simple tips on how to kill ants naturally.

  1. Borax – This is basically a laundry detergent, which you can mix with sugar and water and then spray around the affected area. The nests of the ants will carry the borax, thereby killing them. This is one of the most popular methods due to its effectiveness.
  2. Vinegar – Another effective way of eliminating these pests is putting vinegar on their paths. If you spray vinegar on the entry path of ants, the vinegar’s strong scent will drive them away. Peppermint oil and apple cider also offer the same effect.
  3. Cucumber – Generally, ants don’t like cucumber. Therefore, if you put some cucumber in the areas with ants, they will abandon the place very quickly.
  4. Mint – Mint tea bags can also be used to drive ants away. Just put them at the entry points of the ants enter. You can also dry and crush mint leaves into powder and then sprinkle them on the entry paths.
  5. Lemon Juice – Another easy way to eliminate ants is to mix lemon juice with water, and then spray the mixture on the affected area.
  6. Soap – Major soap ingredients can kill ants. They achieve this by breaking down the waxy part of the ant’s exoskeleton and dehydrating them. You can either rub some soap or spray soapy water at the ant’s entry points.
  7. Grits – Grits usually expand when consumed. When the ants feed on the grits, they would expand alongside the grits and then die. Just spread grits (like coarsely ground corn, oats and rice) on the affected area.
  8. Salt/ Pepper – Another effective way of repelling ants is to spread salt/pepper on ant nests and at the corners. Just mix salt or black pepper with hot water and spray on ants. This will kill them within a few minutes.
  9. Chili Powder/ Cinnamon – Another effective and old remedy of killing ants is putting chili powder or cinnamon on the ant nests. You can also draw a line with cinnamon around the affected area and the ants would be trapped.
  10. Diatomaceous Earth – To use this method, just sprinkle the diatomaceous earth in the affected area. But ensure that you use the right diatomaceous earth, instead of the one used to make pools.
  11. Perfume – Put cotton balls in a perfume with strong scent and then place them in the affected areas. The strong smell of the perfume will kill them.

Roaches not only occur as a result of unsanitary conditions, contrary to the common belief that they do. For instance, it is indeed very possible to get at least one roach even in the cleanest places around your home. Also, they can be brought about by certain climatic condition but in most cases their main attraction is food that’s left out. A roach is one of the most annoying and downright scary things that a person, especially when your visitors can come across one. Majority of people find it easier to kill roaches using common insecticides or call in an exterminator. However, these methods can be hazardous to your family members and pets, besides being pricey and hence it is highly recommended that you use the following natural methods.

Use Borax

This is one of the best methods for killing roaches naturally in your home because it is inexpensive, fume-free, environmentally-friend and chemical-free. While most roaches can survive artificial extermination, surely they can’t survive a run with Borax. Ideally, this natural roach killer causes them to become dehydrated and die when they come in contact with it. All you have to do is place a few bowls of borax in roach infested places in your home. However, be keen enough not to wet Borax as it loses its effectiveness when wet. For more in-depth information on this method, check out our other article: How To Kill Roaches With Borax.

Sugar and Baking Powder

Mix sugar and baking powder in equal proportions to create a mixture which is usually considered to be another powerful roach killer. The best thing with this method is that it is simple to administer and hence you can do it by yourself. For instance, sprinkle the mixture inside the cabinets and around your house as well. Basically, the sugar in the mixture will attract the roaches to feed on it, and the baking powder will damage both their digestive system and their outer skeleton resulting in immediate death.

Diatomaceous Earth

This is one of the best organic control method that works best in not only killing roaches but also useful in killing other unwanted house pests in your home like fleas. Diatomaceous Earth works for all types of roaches and other pests through the same killing mechanism as Borax, by draining water out of their bodies and eventually die. This method is also considered to be very effective and safe.

Bay Leaves and Catnip

These are the best plants you can use to kill roaches in your home. Ideally, roaches are put off or suffocated by the smell of Bay leaves and catnip and in most cases tend to avoid places where these plants are placed. The easiest way to oversee this method is by buying dry bay leaves and catnip then sprinkle on areas commonly infested by roaches in your home like cabinets. These pest control methods for how to kill roaches naturally are generally DIY. Killing roaches using these natural techniques not only involves getting rid of a nuisance that might quickly get out of control but are also helpful in keeping your pets and family safe. It doesn’t cost you a fortune to kill roaches using these methods because they are simple and inexpensive to administer.

Head lice are wingless insects that are easily transmitted with no indication of poor hygiene as its leading cause. This insect is one of the most difficult to exterminate insects known by man because it can survive for up to 30 days on a small amount of blood obtained from an individual’s scalp. Research has revealed that head lice can be transmitted from one person to the other through contact, sharing clothes and other personal items with the infected person.

A majority of people are opting to some highly recommended methods for how to kill lice naturally because lice have become resistant to over-the-counter insecticides. Various natural remedies can help you eradicate this menace including the following approaches.

1. Olive oil

Olive oil is one of the most excellent smothering agents that you can use to kill lice in your head. For instance, according to a study conducted by Harvard School of Medicine, olive oil is the most effective natural method to use while killing head lice. It works by blocking the lice’s breathing holes and hence they suffocate and die. However, you need to apply olive oil to your hair under a shower cap before you sleep because generally head lice can survive without breathing for a long period of time. Comb to remove nits early in the morning using a lice comb.

2. Wash and dry clothing under hot temperature

This is considered to be one of the oldest approaches for how to kill lice naturally that still works up-to-date. However, you should ensure that you set the highest temperature that will not make the fabric to shrink. This method not only helps to kill any lice eggs but also any other living head lice harbored in your clothing. Dry your clothing as well under the hottest temperature if you want to rest assured of the best results. Basically, this method helps to minimize transmission of lice from one individual to the other through sharing of clothes as mentioned earlier.

3. Tea tree oil

This is another essential oil that’s considered to be more suitable for anyone with sensitive skin. For instance, if your skin is allergic to other essential oils used to kill lice, then tea tree oil can make a perfect choice for you. You can use it to compliment other natural methods for exterminating lice like using a lice comb. All you need to do is to apply it in the same manner as olive oil and leave it for two hours. Tea tree hill disintegrates the lice into small pieces through a mechanism which is yet to be established.

4. Mayonnaise or Vaseline

These are pretty well known natural approaches for killing head lice. Obtain fresh Mayonnaise or Vaseline then smear it thoroughly over your head and ensure it covers your hair, around the forehead and the ears and down the neck. If you use mayonnaise, leave your covered hair to rest for two hours then wash it out using clean water and shampoo. You may have to wash for a few time repeatedly until you get clean feeling hair then rinse with a 50:50 vinegar/water solution. However, if you use Vaseline, you may be compelled to wash it out using repeated doses of dawn dish detergent to get the goop out.

With these natural methods for how to kill head lice, you should be able to avoid the additional expenses that come with over the counter insecticides. However, you need to consult your doctor before you choose the method that best suits your condition.

Mold is considered to be a major health hazard. Consequently, home and business owners should seek to remove it as soon as it discovered. This harmful substance is responsible for numerous health including allergies and asthma. While there are other health conditions suspected like dizziness and reduction in reflex time, some of the research has not confirmed these findings. Fortunately, there are natural ways to remove the mold from various places since commercial products often contain additional hazardous ingredients such as bleach. Currently, there are least three natural solutions that are classed as effective mold killers and they can be used in bathrooms and other areas of the home.

White Vinegar

While vinegar is used for many different purposes, it is also an effective solution to kill mold. Specifically, the white vinegars is normally recommended to be used by home and business owners to kill the mold that infects various areas in a home and business facility. This solution is very effective because it kills approximately 80% of the mold.

There are many benefits to using vinegar as a viable option since it is inexpensive to buy and can be purchased in local grocery stores and well as other retail places. One of the main disadvantages to using white vinegar as a solution is the sour smell that it leaves. However, in many cases, the smell has to dissipate over a period of a few hours. To avoid these smells, some people simply open up a window or two to let the affected rooms air out.

Grapefruit Seed Extract

Another great natural option that’s used to kill the mold is grapefruit seed extract. The recommended amount is normally 20 drops per two cups of water in a clean spray bottle. Before spraying the mold with this solution, each individual should shake the mix very well. After spraying the solution directly on the mold, it should not be rinsed. Some people prefer this method to the vinegar solution since they do not have to worry about the unpleasant smell that vinegar normally leaves. The downside to this choice is the cost of this solution because it can be very expensive. To reduce the price, people may have to search online and in their local areas.

Tea Tree Oil

In addition to using Grapefruit seed extract, home and business owners may also use tea tree oil. By mixing 2 cups and water with 2 teaspoons of tea tree oil, the person can make a quick solution that they can spray on the mold. As with grapefruit seed extract, the mixture does not have to be rinsed off. It is a very effective mold solution because it kills the mold as soon as there is contact. Compared to the other choices, it also has advantages as well as disadvantages. Two of the top disadvantages are the cost and the smell. However, this kind of natural solution normally goes a long way when applied. Some people like to use this natural solution in their bathrooms because it also like an antiseptic.

Lice eggs are more commonly referred to as the nits. Lice refer to the parasites which infest the scalp of people. They are basically transmitted by person to person contact and can sometimes be also get transmitted by clothes. Let us have a look at the following steps on how to kill lice eggs.

Be prepared for a long procedure

Killing the adult lice invloves a very simple procedure but it is a bit difficult to kill their eggs. So you need to be consistently vigilant in case of the lice eggs.

Start with a good quality lice treatment

The lice treatment solutions are available from the local drug stores. You should check for its quality. The lice treatment solution is more commonly referred to as the pediculicide. It is advisable to get a good nit comb so as to remove the nits from your hair.

Apply the treatment to your hair

Carefully go through all the instructions mentioned on the bottle and make sure that you follow all the directions especially the ones regarding the duration of application and its removal procedure.

Remove the treatment as per mentioned

Make sure that you do wash your hair with shampoo or conditioner your hair with a usual shampoo for a minimum period of 1-2 days following the treatment. Follow as per directed in the instructions.

Change into clean clothes

It is very essential for the person going undergoing the treatment to change into clean clothes and make sure to wash the dirty ones as there are chances of lice transmission via clothes of the affected person.

Remove the fainted or dead lice

By this time almost all the lice in your head should be dead. Remove the dead ones using the nit comb. If you find that there are still live lice then you should consider changing your pedicullicide. You would need a much stronger treatment. You can always choose to consult the doctor for confirmation. It is very important to cover the contaminated person’s eyes while applying the treatment.

A nit comb should be used on a regular basis

The nit comb should be used on a daily basis and this process should continue for at least about 2 to 3 weeks. You would also need to perform a second treatment after about 10-12 days to ensure that no lice and lice eggs are left undead.

Clean all the belongings of the affected person

All the belongings of the person which include his/her towels, bedding, clothes must be washed in hot water.

Apply something acidic

This is considered to be a natural way of killing lice eggs. Lice die or faint when subjected to acidic taste or smell. So you can always try putting some vinegar on hair. Then leave it for about two hours. Shampoo your hair properly and then make an effort to completely remove the pests using the nit comb. It is always advisable to take action early as possible.

Although lice serve to be great nuisance for people, these are actually harmless and do not cause any serious diseases.

Carpenter ants are one of the largest ants and they reside both indoors as well as outdoors. They habit moist places, decaying areas and also wood that is hollow. In order to form nest, they usually cut galleries into the wood grain and they provide the passage ways for moving from one section of the nest to the other. Here are several ways that can help a home owner to be able to kill ants:

Using baits for carpenter ants colonies 

In case the carpenter ants cannot be treated directly, it is advisable to use insecticides and using baits in their trails in order to be able to eliminate them.

Inspect areas that have water leaks

Since carpenter ants like places that are dump or those that may be decaying, making sure that you inspect areas that have water leaks is advisable. This will help you to eliminate the nests that they may have built. Treat the nest with gel bait and make sure that you treat these areas that have voids with foram or by use of dust. You may need to treat the carpenter ants trails followed by workers in case they forage with the carpenter ants bait granules.

Seal cracks and crevices

Since the carpenter ants habit this type of areas, it is better to make sure that you seal such areas completely in order to remove any habitation that they may be building.

Eliminate moist areas as well as wood materials

Making sure that you keep your inside home dry as well as outside will help to eliminate the infestation of carpenter ants. Making sure that unwanted wood is kept away from the home is vital since they like to stay on the hollow areas of dry wood. Also make sure that you cut any bushes that might be around the home in order to allow the place to be ventilated and to keep it dry.

Look for them on hot spots

Make a thorough search for the carpenter ants in places like the carpets that are on the doors and around the house foundation. Search if there are any ants that are in the littered areas that have mulch and leaf litter. Make sure that you rake the mulch back to the foundation in order to check for any colonies. Make sure that you look for them in items that are in contact with the ground.

Be aware of where they hang around

In order to be able to eliminate the carpenter ants, then it is important to know that these ants can establish themselves in any kind of a structure. Areas that have tree stumps, wood piles, moist damp wood or landscape timbers are one of the most venerable areas that carpenter ants like. Locate their trails early in the morning or late in the evening when they are foraging. Make sure that you trail them back to the colony where they are coming from. In the interior areas, the carpenter ants will be found near a moist kitchen and around the bath areas.

If you have ever had your home infested by fruit flies, you must know how difficult it is to get rid of them. They breed very fast, and can even survive for a long time after you have disposed all your suspect vegetables and fruits. Winning a battle against fruit flies needs persistence and patience. The following are some ways on how to kill fruit flies naturally.

Dispose off any rotten vegetables and fruits

First things first. Immediately you notice fruit flies, you should purge your produce. Any vegetable or fruit that oozes liquid or is beyond ripe, or is broken or cut must go. Do not just dispose them in a compost or garbage bin, unless the compost bin is located outdoors. Bag any rotting food and take it to the outside trash. After doing that, carefully clean any mess that might have been left behind.

Set a vinegar trap in the problem area

The most effective way of eliminating fruit flies is by wiping out the reproductive adults. Lucky enough, fruit flies are not smart at all. If something smells like fermenting fruit or vegetable, they will dive in right away. Place several vinegar traps around the areas that you have seen them, and within a few minutes they will all be dead.

Remove any potential food sources or breeding areas

Fix drains and remove any organic matter in garbage and plumbing disposals.
Fruit flies can live in the muck found in your drainage within the house. If there is organic matter hanging outside your pipes, then this will provide an excellent breeding ground for fruit flies. Wrap some plastic tape on the suspect drains for several days. If after several days you see adults on the downside of the plastic, then it means breeding is taking place in your drain. Boil water and pour it down the drains. This loosens the accumulated deposits. You may also use a brush to free the debris inside the pipe.

Clean your kitchen thoroughly

You will be surprised by where in the kitchen food bits can get into. If your kitchen has been seriously infested by fruit flies, you might have to use elbow grease to remove their food sources. Check underneath the lip of your kitchen sink because there could be some food bits hidden there. Lift the stovetop and clean the burner pans to remove small food particles. Also ensure that you eliminate those sticky juice spots as they attract fruit flies.

Clean your dishes, especially juice or wine glasses, immediately

Do not wait until the day ends so that you wash your dishes. They will attract fruit flies if they have residues of such things as wine or jelly. At the very least, rinse the dishes so as to remove any beverage or food bits. Take trash outside immediately you dump leftovers in the bin. If you use a dishwasher, after rinsing the dishes load it and run the load immediately.

Check onion and potato storage bins

Most people keep vegetables, onions and potatoes in a cupboard or in a dark cool bin. Ensure that you check these areas for rotting produce. Just one rotten potato is enough to allow fruit flies to live and reproduce in your kitchen. Dispose any mushy or soft onions or potatoes, and clean the storage area.

Wood is a magnet for mold, especially the toxic black molds. If you live in a humid area the risks of mold growing on wood is much higher. In humid southern states it is pretty much a guarantee that it will grow when the conditions are right. However, mold is not a death sentence to a wooden surface as long as you are diligent to remove it as soon as possible.

When Mold is Present Act Fast

When you notice mold growing on wood surfaces you need to act fast because it is such a favorable place for mold to grow. The wood is actually a type of food source for mold and it will grow there more rapidly than it would most other surfaces. Fast growing mold must be removed quickly because it could completely invade, stain, or even destroy wooden surfaces beyond repair.

Furthermore, mold is hazardous to your health when it dries and creates spores which are carried into the air that we breathe. The longer it takes you to act, the more you risk an expensive restoration or complete replacement of wooden material. If it is allowed to persist, it can also get into furniture, drapery, and other substances that are less susceptible to wood, but would ultimately become contaminated from close exposure.

Mold Prevention and Removal: Find it First

When indoors, you may first detect mold by the smell of must or mildew before it becomes visually obvious. Whenever you smell mildew, the mold is already there, and you need to look closely for it.

Some molds are not an obvious color when they first begin to grow. You can detect mold visually when you see what looks like uneven coloring, small spots, or just a sort of film over a wooden surface. The longer it stays, the more obvious it becomes. Mold, fungus, and mildew are more likely to appear in areas that are exposed to moisture. You will see it show up in places such as the sink area in a kitchen, wooden blinds, side paneling on houses, surfaces near aquariums, wooden porches, wooden furniture, paneling around the bathroom tub, or basements. Leaving the windows open, leaks, or faulty air conditioners that fail to remove adequate moisture inside are all factors that could contribute to making the inside of a dwelling more hospitable to mold.

Keeping your home adequately cooled and dry and regularly cleaning surfaces without leaving excess moisture will help prevent it from forming. Dehumidifiers can also remove excess moisture within a house.

Continually cleaning outdoor wooden surfaces can cause damage over time, not to mention unrealistically labor intensive. Applying waterproof coating to wooden objects is highly recommended for outdoors porches and furniture. If you know they have a tendency to attract mold. Such surfaces that are protective against molds include paint, varnishes and sun mica.

Obvious areas with dark colorations of mold are older and more mature, and you should definitely inspect your entire house as it has likely spread. Even if you find nothing, cleaning down all surfaces is highly advisable.

After the mold is removed, you want to be diligent in preventative matters. Homes that were once infected may have hidden spores that can easily germinate and recreate a mold issue afterwards. Always applying regular cleaning and prevention will keep mold from taking hold again.

Steps to Take for DIY Mold Removal

Organic mold removers, such as vinegar and essential oils, are the safest measure to kill mold, and you should try these if first. If they do not effectively remove the mold then the next step is to use multi-cleaners to remove it. The household cleaner 409 is a popular product for that but any other multi spray cleaner, or a solution of Clorox and warm water may work as well.

You want to use this as a last resort because chemicals can further damage and stain wood. In either method, use the minimal amount of liquid as possible. There will likely be some damage done and you want to do your best not to add further damage in the removal process.

You need to be patient while removing it to ensure that you do not oversaturate the wood. Thinly apply the solution over the surface and immediately scrub it with either an old toothbrush or a green kitchen sponge. Gently and evenly scrub the wooden surface, and then immediately lift off the moisture with a dry towel. Keep repeating the process until the mold is visually gone. Make sure that you thoroughly dry the surface and leave behind no excess moisture.

Getting rid of roaches in any home can be a very frustrating task. Although the job of killing termites may appear to be too big for the avrage homeowner, it does not have to be as long as the owner is equipped with the right information.

Identifying the Presence of Roaches

When a homeowner is dealing with a roach infestation, It is very important for them to identify the signs. One of the most irrefutable signs of this type of infestation is seeing them in various places around the home. However, since they are considered to be classified as nighttime insects, they may be not be easy for the family to see right away. Fortunately, the roaches will also leave some of the most identifiable telltales signs, which is a specific type of odor. In cases of a severe infestation, the family will see them come out during the daylight.

how-to-kill-a-roach-on-a-brick-wallWith a size that is between a 1/2 and 2 inches long, these nocturnal insects are shaped with a flat elongated shaped body and they can be found in various colors including black, light or dark. When an individual views them up close, they can see that they have six legs on the bottom half and long antennas on their head. Therefore, when identifying these types of characteristics, each individual can make sure that they are recognizing the presence of cockroaches in the home.

As a general rule of thumb, when the cases of infestation are more severe in the home, the family will normally see the roaches appear during the daylight hours in various places.

Another common sign that reveal the presence of cockroaches in the home are shell casings. Shell casings can be described as egg case that’s hatched from cockroaches. The family will normally see them appear as the darker brown oval shape sizes.

Types of Cockroaches

While there is a legnthy list of different types or cockroaches in existence today, most scientists will agree that there are only a few varieties that poses an annoyance to most people. Three of the most common types are often better known to home and businesses owners as the American cockroach, Oriental cockroach and the German cockroach. The German cockroach is the one that is most prominent and can be found in numerous homes, restaurants, and other places where food may be found. These locations can have infestations that spread quickly since these roaches can reproduce extremely fast. They can also go undetected for long periods of time.

German cockroaches are very resistant to common household pesticides so the owners will have to find out the best do it yourself extermination tips that can be used. Even though the American cockroach is very similar to the German cockroach, it is a littler easier to exterminate because they do not reproduce at the same rate.

Do It Yourself Cockroach Extermination Methods

As stated previously, getting rid of cockroaches does not have to be a difficult undertaking if the owner is equipped with the right information. Fortunately, the owner has more than one option and they are effective for many situations. Listed below are two effective ways to kill termites in your home and they may be used successfully by homeowners who need the information.

Method #1 – Electronic Roach Control

With all of the latest technologies, is a fortunate that manufacturers have not left out the pest control industry. In fact, manufacturers have designed and released electronic roach control devices. These devices are considered be highly effective deterrents and they are relatively inexpensive for people to buy. The electronic roach control device can be found in both wall and battery operated versions. Therefore, electricity is not always needed for areas that do not have it. These electronic devices work by sending out ultrasonic pulses that have been designed to drive cockroaches away from homes and offices as well as other pests away.

Method #2 – Roach Baits

While electronic roach control is a newer option, no one should forget the older alternatives as a method to exterminate a roach infestation. This older method involves buying roach baits and eliminating the need for the professional pest control services. With a roach bait solution, most people will find that they will have very positive results since they are designed to eliminate the infestation altogether. The owner of the home and office should place the packages of roach baits wherever they find the roaches breeding.

Ants are very common pests in many places in the world. If they do not interfere with human life, ants provide many benefits for example they help to kill other pests such as bedbugs and fleas. It is important to note that bedbugs will be driven by their quest to find food. This means that the best way to keep them off is to ensure that they don’t realize that you have goodies in the house. There are many types of ants for example pavement, thief, fire and carpenter ants and many other types.

How to Identify Ant Types

how-to-kill-ants-yourselfIt is worth noting that different types of ants require different kind of measures to eradicate them. It is therefore important for you to know how to identify the specific type of ant in your house so as to be able to choose the best control measure. To identify the ant type, you would need to pick it using a pair of tweezers and then viewing it under a magnifying glass. You must be in a position to know what features to look for in an ant so as to be able to identify it.

Pick an ant and observe it closely using a pair of magnifying glass. While magnified, determine the number of nodes. Some ants have one node while other will have two nodes.

Examine the color of the ant. Different types of ants will have different color characteristics and patterns. Although many people may think that all ants are of the same color, viewing them under a magnifying glass will reveal a different story.

After noting the above features, use an ant identification chart to identify the type of ant with the noted characteristics.

How To Get Rid Of Ants Yourself

When ants invade your house, you are left with no other option apart from killing them. Ants can be killed using chemicals or using natural methods.

Killing Ants Using Chemicals

There are a number of chemicals that have been found to be effective in killing ants. The most common ones are hydramethylnol, avermectin and fenoxycarb. fenoxycarb and avermectin are known to be growth regulators which usually target the queen. Hydramethlnol is a slow acting poison that is used to kill ants. Acephate dust is also be used to kill ants. The dust is usually poured around the ant’s mounds. Always remember to wear gloves every time you come into contact with these chemicals.

Natural Methods Used to Kill Ants

Vinegar – Vinegar is known to repel and also kill different types of ants. Therefore, whenever ants invade your house, sprinkle vinegar on kitchen counters, windowsills, doors and inside the cabinets. If you identify the exact point of entry, spray that area too with vinegar.

Honey – Ants will be attracted to the smell of honey. Therefore if you place a bowl of honey on the kitchen countertop, ants will come to eat the honey and considering the fact that honey is sticky, the ants will stick there and die. You should replace the bowl from time to time until you realize that there are no more ants in the house.

Cinnamon – Cinnamon is applied the same way vinegar is applied. Spray it inside the cabinets, kitchen counter tops, windowsills and so on. If you are able to identify the exact point in the house where the ants are coming from, spray that area too. Cinnamon will kill the ants that come into contact with it and repel the others.

Turmeric Powder – Follow the ant trail until you react the anthill. Pour turmeric powder along this trail and also around the mounds. After some time, you will notice that the ants have died along that path.

Boiling Water – Boiling water will kill every ant it comes into contact with. Pour boiling water into the slits on the anthills. This will ensure that the hot water finds its way to ants including the queen.

While chemical methods are effective in killing termites, they may cause allergic reactions to the person using them. Use of chemicals is also not environmentally friendly. It is therefore advisable to try out natural methods first before you can even think about the chemicals. Killing ants is a simple process if you know how to do it. By getting the right information, you will not need to call a professional every time ants invade your home.

One fly species that commonly infests homes is the fruit fly. Fruit flies, scientifically classified as Drosophila melanogaster, are a little easier to identify than houseflies. Fruit flies have tan bodies and red eyes and are usually small in size. These fruit flies are distributed all over the world, too, so most areas with human habitation can be infested with these insects. These fruit flies are more of a nuisance, but sometimes they carry infections and disease, and they breed quickly which is why it’s good to know how to kill fruit flies fast.

How do I know if my household’s being infested by fruit flies?

how-to-kill-fruit-fliesThere are some indications of fruit fly infestation that you can look out for. The most obvious indication is the presence of numerous fruit flies around the household. While two to three fruit flies don’t necessarily make up an infestation, you should worry about seeing clusters of fruit flies at one time in certain areas of your house. Fruit flies tend to swarm around areas where they breed or feed, so be extra watchful of areas where organic matter is commonly present, such as kitchens and gardens. If you have many potted plants around the house, you’ll also need to keep a close eye on these items.

You’ll also have to look out for the presence of eggs and maggots in your home. Eggs are usually found in moist and warm areas; usually, these are found in areas where kitchen waste, animal waste, and human waste are located.

You may also see maggots in breeding areas for fruit fly eggs, since maggots don’t usually travel from where they’re hatched. Maggots feed off waste, so you’re likely to find these in waste materials such as manure.

Another indication you can watch out for is the sound of fly infestation. If you listen closely, you’ll be able to detect the presence of fruit flies or maggots in your home.

8 Ways to Get Rid Of Fruit Flies

#1 – Apple Cider Vinegar

Take half a cup of apple cider vinegar and place it into a microwave. Heat the cup for about 10 seconds. Place the cup where you have located many fruit flies gathering. The heat creates a stronger fragrance from the vinegar, which fruit flies cannot resist. After a few days, you should see lots of dead fruit flies in the cup of vinegar.

#2 – Wines

Just like many wine enthusiasts, fruit flies love the smell of wine. Fruit flies love to gather around leftover wine glasses that have not been rinsed. When you use wine as bait, it is also very effective. Pour half a glass of wine and let it sit near where you see lots of fruit flies. They will be drawn to the wine glass within a matter of minutes where you will be able to dispose of them.

#3 – Tequila

The same method mentioned using wine also works great with tequila. Fruit flies love the agave smell that tequila gives off. You will see several fruit flies floating in the tequila in no time.

#4 – Jar and Rotting Fruit

Find an old piece of rotting fruit and make sure to cut it open so that you can expose as much of it as possible. Heat up half a cup vinegar or red wine and pour in a large amount of white sugar or honey. Mix it until it has a syrup-like consistency. Mix in the rotting fruit and then pour the entire amount you desire into a jar. This liquid is very effective because over time it will ferment. When fruit flies are attracted to this stuff, their wings stick to the liquid so they are trapped and eventually drown.

#5 – Bourbon

This beverage is not only a favorite for some drinkers, but also very useful to rid your home or business of fruit flies. If you have a bourbon bottle that is empty of its contents, there is still the aroma left inside the bottle. Fruit flies are attracted to this and the great thing is that the bottle serves as a funnel. Once the fruit flies go inside, it is quite easy to cap the bottle and be rid of these pests.

#6 – Incense

Incense works well in smoking out fruit flies. Although many people do not like the smell of incense, it is very effective because fruit flies cannot handle inhaling the smoke. When they inhale the smoke, they die very quickly ridding you of these pests.

#7 – Milk, Sugar, and Ground Pepper

Take 2 ounces of ground pepper, ¼ pound of raw sugar, and one pint of milk and simmer it together in a saucepan from eight to ten minutes. Pour the mixture into a shallow dish and the fruit flies will immediately attack it and die.

#8 – Lemongrass Oil

This oil is quite useful for killing a variety of insects and other pests to include fruit flies. Take ten drops of lemongrass oil and dilute it with two ounces of water in a shallow container. This solution will kill the fruit flies in a matter of minutes.

The best way to kill fruit flies is probably best determined by your specific situation and may require some experimentation. Now that you know how to kill fruit flies naturally, you can enjoy all your favorite fruits and vegetables without those nagging pests flying around you or your food. You can now identify places inside your home or business that are potential areas for them and use the ways mentioned here to get rid of fruit flies. Enjoy your produce and do not let those little annoying critters bother you ever again.

Head lice are the parasites that may infest your scalp. They’re usually transmitted by way of person-to-person contact, but can sometimes be transmitted through clothes or any other means. Lice infestations, in many cases, are a problem with school-aged kids, but could affect anyone. They’re rarely found in adults. Treating lice could be a lengthy process, but doesn’t necessarily need any prescription shampoos.

Do you know the Symptoms of Head Lice?

Inspect your son or daughter’s hair and scalp. Look for nits behind the ears, around the crown of the head, and also at the nape of the neck. Following symptoms may indicate an infestation of head lice:

Itching – Itching is often the first sign that lice might be present. It is also the most typical lice symptom. Children might be itching only a little more than usual or you may find frequent and vigorous itchiness.

Red Blisters on Head – Occasionally, small red-colored sores get formed on the scalp because of scratching on the parts bitten by the louse.

Crawling Feeling in Hair – Your son or daughter may grumble that it feels like something is crawling in their hair. This is the louse crawling around.

Proven Remedies for Head Lice and Nits

This is how to get rid of lice and also to wipe the nits off from roots of your kid’s scalp, you can look at some remedies I have listed below:

Your home, especially your kitchen, is a superb source of natural anti-lice home remedies. You can wash hair off with vinegar, as vinegar has got the capability of killing the nits inside your child’s hair in only 2 days.

Application of coconut oil like a conditioner to the hair is also beneficial. Vinegar coupled with any mineral based oil in equal amounts can be applied. This mixture needs to be left in your child’s scalp for at least an hour after which you will rinse it off with a shampoo. Now comb off your child’s hair using an anti-lice comb to remove all of the eggs and unconscious lice out of your child’s hair.

Another proven and efficient natural treatment to get rid of head lice is the use of 20 drops of tea tree oil combined with your kid’s regular shampoo. This process can be done daily as it doesn’t have any side effects with daily use. You may also mix 1 tablespoon of tea sapling oil, 3 tablespoons olive oil, and one teaspoon of eucalyptus oil with your kid’s regular shampoo. This mix can be applied to your kid’s scalp. After application of this mix, cover your kid’s head with a plastic bag for about half an hour before you rinse it. This is the most effective method of getting rid of head lice naturally.

An overnight application of mayonnaise as a conditioner makes it much simpler for the lice to slip off of your kid’s hair whenever you will use anti-lice hair comb after washing thoroughly. This can make bed time rather messy though.

Use of a mixture of butter and lemon in your kid’s head for just about 20 minutes again helps in eliminating head lice naturally. Later you can rinse it off using a shampoo.

Listerine Antiseptic Mouth wash has also turned into a famous fix for lice because Listerine Mouthwash consists of some important oils such as thymol, eucalyptol, methyl salicylate, alcohol, as well as menthol that are beneficial in getting rid of head lice.

To use the olive oil: Saturate the entire scalp-head-hair with at least ½ cup of olive oil. You may place a shower cap over the head. Leave the oil on for at least 10 hours – the longer you leave it on the better. It is said that if the child has olive oil in their hair they cannot be re-infected with head lice because the hair is too slippery for the lice to grab onto. Please note: there are other oils – such as flaxseed oil, baby oil, etc., but olive oil is considered the best due to less scalp irritation.

Why is it essential to remove eggs of lice?

Chemical shampoos kill around 95% of the eggs. But, even if only one viable egg survives the therapy you choose to use then your entire lice cycle will start again. Regardless of what treatment you utilize, you must manually take away the eggs through thorough combing or even pulling all of them out. These eggs are easy to miss as they’re so tiny. Keep in mind that eggs are usually laid on the crown, around the ears, and close to the back of the neck. They’re around ¼ inch down the hair base.

If you or any in your household suddenly suffers persistent respiratory problems with no apparent cause, it is high time you suspect if mold is present in your home. Nasal congestion, coughing, and sneezing are the common symptoms of an allergy reaction to mold. Continued exposure to this can even lead to chronic lung problems, so it is best that you inspect your home interiors and remove any traces of this fungus. However, before you do that, you need to identify it first.

Black mold is the most common type of mold present in homes. It thrives in moist places, so expect it to develop if you have any water leaks, condensation, flooding, or if the weather suddenly becomes very humid. Black mold is easy to identify. It is black and it usually grows on walls, ceilings, under the carpet, on upholstery, and in the bathroom. Black mold also love dark places, so take time to inspect areas in your homes that do not get much light, like the basement, attic, and crevices near your refrigerator, under the sink, or behind the toilet bowl.

Once you have located and identified the black mold, it is time to get rid of it. Most homeowners hire a professional to do this, but if the affected area is small and if the mold has not seeped beyond the surface, you can do the task yourself. This is why it is important to regularly inspect your home to stop the mold while it is just beginning to grow and to save you some money too.

Steps in Killing Black Mold

  1. First and foremost, you should protect yourself. Use a full-face mask and wear a pair of gloves. This will protect you from inhaling any mold spores and any vapors from the cleaning solutions.
  2. Prepare your cleaning solution. You can mix twenty parts water, five parts bleach, and one part detergent and place the solution in a spray bottle. If the surface that you intend to clean is made of cement or hard surfaces, you can double the amount of bleach in the solution. You can also opt to use any over-the-counter mold and mildew cleaner.
  3. If you prefer to use less toxic cleaners, there are natural methods to kill molds. You can choose to use white distilled vinegar or hydrogen peroxide with a 3% concentration. You do not need to dilute these anymore, just transfer them to a spray bottle. Baking soda is another alternative. You can dilute it in water and add some vinegar to it. Other alternatives are grapefruit seed extract and tea tree oil. Just mix any of these two with water in the ratio of 1 teaspoon for every cup of water.
  4. Get a brush, scrub, sponge, or cloth. You will use these to remove the mold. Pick the brush if you are cleaning hard surfaces and the softer material, either the sponge or cloth, if you are cleaning upholstery or other delicate surfaces. You should also have a garbage bag ready by your side.
  5. Spray some cleaning solution to the affected area. Wetting the surface will prevent any spores from becoming airborne.
  6. Scrub away any visible mold and make sure that any debris or dust is transferred inside the trash bag immediately so that you can contain the contamination within that small area.
  7. Make sure that you also scrub on adjacent areas even if there is no visible sign of black mold. The fungi could be starting to grow there too, but you cannot see it yet.
  8. After you have scrubbed away the mold, spray some cleaning solution over the area again and let it dry.

Now that you have gone about figuring out how to get rid of mold in your home, it is also important that you prevent it from growing back again. You can do this by regularly cleaning your home and airing out objects that are prone to mold growth, like couches and carpets. It would also be helpful to have a dehumidifier and an exhaust fan so that you can control the humidity in your surroundings. Bring some sunlight into your homes by keeping your windows open for several hours each day. Further, check you plumbing and pipe system regularly to catch and fix leaks. Remember that black mold is not only bad for your health, they can also destroy your walls or furniture, so once you have killed it, you should take extra measures to prevent it from coming back.